New techniques to obscure malicious payloads and distribute attacks across multiple organisations paid off for threat actors in 2019, BlackBerry Cylance’s 2020 Threat Report shows.
“With the increasing ease of access to attack toolkits combined with the explosion of endpoints connected to organisations’ networks, the global threat landscape for emerging threats will only continue to escalate in 2020,” said Eric Cornelius, CTO at BlackBerry Cylance.
The search to find and exploit vulnerabilities in the expanding attack surface has caused a shift in the industries most often targeted by malicious actors, particularly towards the automotive sector. For example, BlackBerry Cylance researchers discovered new backdoors being deployed by APT group OceanLotus (APT 32) in a 2019 campaign targeting multinational automotive manufacturers.
As more vehicles become connected – and the attention given to potential outcomes of cyberattacks on vehicles increases – attacks against this sector are anticipated to grow. As such, the industry must continue investing in cybersecurity processes and secure connected software to ensure public trust in the transportation technologies of the future.
Additionally, Cylance researchers found that retail and wholesale remained the most targeted sectors, where almost a quarter (23%) of all retailers suffered a compromise of sensitive financial information. Three of the most prevalent threats of 2019 – Emotet, Ramnit and Upatre – all focused on retail organisations.
The report also spotlighted other unique threats facing a range of industry verticals.
Attacks against technology/software firms typically have a focus on stealing intellectual property, over a quarter (26%) were victims of ransomware specifically.
Service providers’ customer base was leveraged by threat actors to increase malicious distributions using remote management tools like Go2Assist and NinjaRMM.
Healthcare organisations were more likely to pay ransoms than other industries due to the critical nature of the targeted data.
Attacks against government entities can have cascading effects that not only impact critical national infrastructure, but impact individuals as well given the significant quantities of personally identifiable information they store.
“In 2020, AI and machine learning will continue to prove critical for threat prevention and remediation strategies because of the advantage they offer through continuous learning and proactive threat modelling of attacks that continue to become more complex,” said Brian Robison, chief evangelist at BlackBerry Cylance.